Balance Sheet Accounts Are Called With Classified Balance Sheets List Accounts In Alphabetical Order Plus Balance Sheet Accounts Are Also Known As Which Of The
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There are 3 tools that folks can use to manage their personal finances. They are a personal life plan a personal budget and a personal balance sheet. When these tools are identified to folks most acknowledge a life plan but do not really have one. Most know and try to have a budget...sort of. However an amazing number of people have no idea what a balance sheet is. So here are the basic things you should know about a balance sheet. Why should I have a balance sheet? A balance sheet is where you keep track of how much you own and how much you owe and the difference between the two. You take the value of your assets (what you own) and subtract the value of your debts (what you owe) to get your net worth. You should know what your net worth is at any given time.
For most of these kinds of items a company will book their value at whatever was paid for it. While items that depreciate like computers are usually de-valued over a period of time that piece of land will likely appreciate over time and the current value may not be reflected on the balance sheet. This can make the company more valuable than it appears (some value investors refer to these as "asset plays"). For financial companies a ton of assumptions are made on the balance sheet. The actual value of a loan is very difficult to calculate due to variable interest rates risk of default risk of early payment etc. Take that reality and multiply it by the millions of loans a large bank has outstanding and you begin to see why investing in banks is such a difficult and risky endeavor. However since the Magic Formula throws out financial stocks we won t discuss that in much detail here. One other thing to be generally aware of is that both assets and liabilities are categorized as either "current" or "long-term".
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Why Small Businesses Are Different If you are a small business owner or entrepreneur then you need to be able to read and understand your balance sheet because first it is through your financial statements and other numerical data that you collect that you really get to know your business. Michael Gerber the best selling author of the E-Myth Revisited says it much better than I ever could as "because without the numbers you can t possibly know where you are let alone where you re going. With the numbers your business will take on a totally new meaning. It will come alive with possibility." The very first step you will ever take down that road to really knowing your business is through examining and understanding your own balance sheet.