Balance Sheet Accounts Balance Sheet Accounts In The General Ledger Are Also Called Balance Sheet Account Reconciliations Examples Trial Balance Sheet Accounts
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In order to make your statements comply with these rules and to give them an air of authority you will have to hire a Certified Public Accountant or C.P.A. and have them compile review or audit your financial statements. What this means is that the C.P.A. takes your statements and then makes some cosmetic changes in order to present them in the form proscribed by US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles or if appropriate one of a number of alternate forms and then issues an opinion on them. The opinion will vary depending upon the type of engagement you hired them to do. The standard opinion for a compilation is "we took this pile of crap and made it pretty but we re not saying that it makes any sense" while the standard opinion for an audit is "sure we took a look and everything seems OK but please don t sue us if we re wrong!" while a review falls between the two.
If you contributed something other than cash such as real estate machinery or your interest in another business then use the rules for the valuation of assets the lessor of cost or fair market value. Retained earnings is a whole different ball game. Remember what I said back in the beginning about the formula for the balance sheet? That Assets = Liabilites + Equity? Well if you ve filled everything else out you only have retained earnings left and using a little bit of algebra and adding some detail to the preceding formula retained earnings absolutely must equal Assets - Liabilities - Contributed Capital.
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Now there are additional considerations like depreciation for buildings machinery and equipment and the value of receivables and other moneys owed to you but that is the general rule. How Liabilities Are Valued The next step is to make a list of items that your business owes or obligations that it has. This could be money that you owe to your suppliers for products and services or money that you owe to your employees for services performed or money that you owe to the government for taxes or or money that you owe to the bank or another lender. It could even be money that the business owes to you as an owner. Remember what I said before about conservatism? Well this counts for liabilities as well only in this case the concern is that liabilities are undervalued or even worse unrecognized and unrecorded. The general rule of liabilities is that they are included at amortized cost which should be equal to the amount owed on them at that moment in time.