Common Stock Balance Sheet
Your assets are tangible items such as cash inventory buildings land and equipment as well as investments prepaid expenses and money owed to you (accounts receivable notes receivable etc.) On a balance sheet assets are listed in groups based on their liquidity. Liquidity is a measure of how quickly these assets can be converted into cash sold or consumed. Current assets - assets that one can reasonably expect to be converted into cash within a year (e.g. accounts receivable) or can be converted into cash on demand (e.g. stocks) are listed first on the left-hand side and then totaled. Fixed assets follow next - fixed assets are expected to be around a while and persist - these include buildings vehicles and equipment. Finally total assets are added-up at the bottom of the assets section of the balance sheet. Liabilities reflect all the money your business owes out to others.
Understanding the different types of financial statements that can be prepared for your business and being fluent with the information each contains helps you better understand your financial position and make more informed decisions about your business. Remember - forewarned is forearmed...and you can t manage until you measure! That being said I have found that a critical measuring tool - the Balance Sheet - is often overlooked by small business owners - likely because they don t understand its importance. Let s see if we can change that... The Balance Sheet is merely a snapshot of your company s financial position as of a given point in time. Today s balance sheet could be different tomorrow - simply by writing out a check or invoicing a client. This financial statement provides the details your assets liabilities and equity - the three components of a business financial accounting - as of a particular date. Although balance sheets may be created as of any date they are typically prepared at the end of an accounting period such as a month quarter or year.
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They open them up turn to page one and there is your company laid bare open to them. And they ask you questions; "why is this line a negative number how did you arrive at the valuation of that line what are the terms of this liability." Don t you want to be able to confidently look them in the eye and answer those questions? What Makes Up a Balance Sheet Hopefully you have been exposed to some basic accounting and understand the concepts that some numbers in accounting are recorded as debits and some numbers as credits. These numbers are often represented as positive and negative numbers and the balance sheet as its name suggests must balance i.e. the negative and the positive numbers must total zero.
You should be able to recover much faster than you would have in your undisciplined youth. • If you have a positive net worth that means that you are building assets. Just as important is that you are controlling your debt. This is the key that has probably gotten you to this situation. The key to a positive Balance Sheet is that debt offsets the value of your assets when you look at your personal finances as a complete picture so your debt/equity ratio should be less than one and get smaller and smaller. Debt servicing saps cash flow on your budget that could be used to build assets that can be used to produce income in your retirement years.