Accounts Receivable Are Reported On The Balance Sheet At Their Net Realizable Value With Accounts Receivable Balance Sheet Negative Plus Aging Of Accounts
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Current liabilities are those that will be paid within one year these include accounts payable notes payable current maturities of long-term debt and payroll taxes. Long-term debt is that which is paid off over an extended period of time. Owner s equity also called net assets is the right of ownership the owners of the organization have after subtracting liabilities. Some examples of owner s equity include common stock additional paid in capital and retained earnings. Common stock is issued as an investment in the business. For example in corporations stockholders are ultimately the owners they claim all assets after liabilities and preferred stock claims are satisfied. Additional paid in capital is defined as the leftover amount paid by the investor over the stated value of the shares sold. Finally the retained earnings are the net income that is not be distributed as dividends to owners or an organization.
This is the basis of balance sheet accounting. Another option in the disposition of an asset is that the asset is sold for cash and it is a wash within the assets. A simple example of balance sheet accounting is that a car is sold and therefore the automobile account is reduced by credit. However cash was received was an increase in another asset cash. Therefore the cash account would be debited and total assets would remain unchanged. This happens quite often with short-term investments and it is rarely noticed or noted. Sometimes it is helps to wrap your mind around balance sheet accounting to look at it from the stand point of a liability or the equity accounts. Say a liability is paid down or equity is purchased. This would be a debit to either of these accounts. There had to be an asset outlay for either of these events to happen probably and outlay of cash. This would be a credit to the asset account and the balance sheet would be balanced. Though this is a simplistic view it gets the point across. Since investments are considered assets they are treated the same way. Investments are listed in order from shortest term or most liquid to longest term or least liquid. They are also listed by the percentage of ownership owned. For example if an investor own fifty percent of a business that business is listed under assets and there is a denotation with it that says fifty percent or fifty percent owned or some other version of the same thing. This is so that there is full disclosure for any users of the financial statement. Thus investments have a huge impact on balance sheet accounting.For more information on investing in investment opportunities usually or
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If you contributed something other than cash such as real estate machinery or your interest in another business then use the rules for the valuation of assets the lessor of cost or fair market value. Retained earnings is a whole different ball game. Remember what I said back in the beginning about the formula for the balance sheet? That Assets = Liabilites + Equity? Well if you ve filled everything else out you only have retained earnings left and using a little bit of algebra and adding some detail to the preceding formula retained earnings absolutely must equal Assets - Liabilities - Contributed Capital.