Accounts Receivable Balance Sheet 1 First Lets Check The Balance Sheet
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If you want the exact answer to just about every accounting question then it is there for you for free but in techno-accountant babble at asc.fasb.org. However most of you don t want to do all that work you want a quick and easy rule of thumb that works 90% of the time without you having to leave this article and that is exactly what you will get. The key here is conservatism we are much more worried about overvaluing an asset then we are at undervaluing. Therefore the rule of thumb is that assets are valued at the lessor of cost (what you paid for it) or fair market value (what you could get if you sold it right now).
It tells how the business is put together what its principal resources are and where any potential dangers lie. Like any portrait it is incomplete in that it only shows one fleeting moment in time and therefore is most useful in conjunction with the income statement and by comparing several balance sheets over a period of time. Ahh this is where the real story begins to unfold! The clever entrepreneur becomes the Sherlock Holmes of the balance sheet and astutely looks for trends over time and checks ratios and balances to see which direction the company is headed in and to look for any potential to cut costs or perform more efficiently.
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Your assets are tangible items such as cash inventory buildings land and equipment as well as investments prepaid expenses and money owed to you (accounts receivable notes receivable etc.) On a balance sheet assets are listed in groups based on their liquidity. Liquidity is a measure of how quickly these assets can be converted into cash sold or consumed. Current assets - assets that one can reasonably expect to be converted into cash within a year (e.g. accounts receivable) or can be converted into cash on demand (e.g. stocks) are listed first on the left-hand side and then totaled. Fixed assets follow next - fixed assets are expected to be around a while and persist - these include buildings vehicles and equipment. Finally total assets are added-up at the bottom of the assets section of the balance sheet. Liabilities reflect all the money your business owes out to others.