Graphic Design Basics
The development of Graphic Design is also assisted by annual exhibitions and specialised conferences held both in Jordan and outside the Arab world. The academic and professional specialists for the basis in developing graphic design through the formation of local learning institutions. In these institutions academics programmers and graphic design teachers can meet with professional designers and discuss the way business is moving forward and requirements of the labour market. Practical training is considered the foundation of Graphic Design upon which the academic skill of the student and his creativity are built. Working in a design office is considered to be the most important and effective tool in measuring the level of academic learning.
All these movements opposed to the decorative arts and popular as well as the Art Nouveau which under the influence of the new interest in geometry evolved into the Art Deco. All these movements were a revisionist and transgressive spirit in all arts of the time. This period also publications and manifestos proliferated through which artists and educators expressed their opinions. During the 1930s developed for the composition interesting aspects of graphic design. The graphic style change was significant because it shows a reaction against eclecticism ornamentalist organicism and the time and proposes a more stripped and geometric. This style connected with Constructivism Suprematism Neoplasticism De Stijl and Bauhaus exerted a lasting influence and inescapable in the development of twentieth century graphic design.
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The interest in ornamentation and the proliferation of measurement changes and typographical style one piece design synonymous with good design it was an idea that was maintained until the late nineteenth century. The Art Nouveau with its clear desire stylistic was a movement that contributed to higher order visual composition. While maintaining a high level of formal complexity did so within a strong visual consistency discarding the variation of typographic styles in one graphic piece. Art movements of the second decade of the twentieth century and the political turmoil that accompanied them generated dramatic changes in graphic design. The Dada De Stijl Suprematism Cubism Constructivism Futurism the Bauhaus and created a new vision that influenced all branches of the visual arts and design.
The Arabic library is condensed with other artistic methodological books in addition to some translated books which discuss the basics of design advertisement and other topics that fall within the framework of advertisement. The fact is that there is a short understanding of the comprehensive concept of Graphic Design. This concept is not sufficiently represented by advertisement and publicity or printing design because such specialization per se received little attention before the advent of computer to the Arab World and the return of unspecialized cadres living in the European countries and USA who brought with them the sophisticated technology and transferred it to us without defining its actual identity academically and vocationally. With the start of teaching this specialization dependence in determining the study plan was basically on the academic staff entrusted to teach such specialization. Some were distant from the roots of this specialization and others considered that any person with a specialization in art or architecture can play the role of planner. But after a careful review of the total study plans in most Arabic universities we realized how unbalanced and sometimes insufficient such attempts were; they have no identified identity; half of them were fine arts and the others tackled one part of Graphic Design but of no grass root.