Balance Sheet Excel
A third way is that you can sell off assets at a gradual pace to fund your budgetary needs as you age. A reverse mortgage is a good example of this. Assets and Liabilities You need to know what an asset is and what a liability is. You also need to know that there are different kinds of assets and different kinds of liabilities. An asset is an item of value that you own. It has a market value that is the amount that you can sell it for. The value is what the item would sell for if you had to sell it in the short term which may be days or months depending on the asset. When valuing your assets you must consider this and be honest about exactly how much your asset would sell for in the short term. The total value is written down as the asset on your balance sheet.
This usually presents less of a challenge than the valuation of assets because most long term assets like loans have explicit terms that spell out exactly how much you owe on them at any given moment in time. How Equity Is Valued Depending upon the type on entity (Corporation S-Corp LLC. etc.) that you use the equity portion of the balance sheet can use different terms but really there are two kinds of equity: capital that you put into the company (stock contributed capital etc.) and the earnings of the company (retained earnings). The capital that you contribute is usually pretty straightforward.
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This could be cash or real estate or stocks and bonds or machinery and equipment or accounts receivable or other moneys due to you. It could also include inventory which is product that you have produced but not yet sold. So to summarize assets are usually either cash something that you have bought something that you have made and that you expect to sell or something that is owed to you. Clearly then if you want to make your balance sheet you must have a list of your assets and how much each is worth. The rub lies in the worth or valuation of the assets. "Hmm you think I bought this asset ten years ago at 10 grand I added 5 grand in improvements to it it would cost me 20 grand to replace it and I could get about 18 grand on the open market for it so what value should I put down for it?" Clever question my dear reader! Well as you may have assumed we accountants have put a great deal of thought into these issues and we continue to think about and tweak the ways we value things to this very day.
On the other hand long-term assets which can include land inventory and equipment are paid off and will benefit the company over an extended period of time. Accumulative depreciation is used on balance sheets to explain how the cost of long-term assets are "used up" during the process of running a business. The cost is spread over the life of the asset. For example say a piece of machinery cost $50 000 and the useful life of the machine is 20 years therefore in the first year the accumulative depreciation for the equipment is $2 500. Liabilities can simply be explained as the amounts owed to other organizations such as the transfer of assets or services that need to be provided. Liabilities are also made up of current and long-term.