Balance Sheet Vs Income Statement Complete The Ratio Calculations For 2016 On Tab 4 Using The Income Statement And Balance Sheet All Ratios Should Be Linked
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Current liabilities are those that will be paid within one year these include accounts payable notes payable current maturities of long-term debt and payroll taxes. Long-term debt is that which is paid off over an extended period of time. Owner s equity also called net assets is the right of ownership the owners of the organization have after subtracting liabilities. Some examples of owner s equity include common stock additional paid in capital and retained earnings. Common stock is issued as an investment in the business. For example in corporations stockholders are ultimately the owners they claim all assets after liabilities and preferred stock claims are satisfied. Additional paid in capital is defined as the leftover amount paid by the investor over the stated value of the shares sold. Finally the retained earnings are the net income that is not be distributed as dividends to owners or an organization.
For most of these kinds of items a company will book their value at whatever was paid for it. While items that depreciate like computers are usually de-valued over a period of time that piece of land will likely appreciate over time and the current value may not be reflected on the balance sheet. This can make the company more valuable than it appears (some value investors refer to these as "asset plays"). For financial companies a ton of assumptions are made on the balance sheet. The actual value of a loan is very difficult to calculate due to variable interest rates risk of default risk of early payment etc. Take that reality and multiply it by the millions of loans a large bank has outstanding and you begin to see why investing in banks is such a difficult and risky endeavor. However since the Magic Formula throws out financial stocks we won t discuss that in much detail here. One other thing to be generally aware of is that both assets and liabilities are categorized as either "current" or "long-term".
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A car is almost always a depreciating asset. That means that as it ages it becomes worth less each year. Appreciating assets are more balance sheet friendly than depreciating assets. Assets that can have a lien put on there are the only ones that banks or other lending institutions will consider as valid as asset entries on a balance sheet. Things like furnishings and jewelry are not considered assets for use in getting a secured loan. Items such as the unused part of a line of credit or credit card limit are not assets on any form of balance sheet. Liabilities are what you owe. Any form of debt is a liability.