26 Best Responsive Graphic Design Website Templates 2018 Colorlib 26 Best Responsive Graphic Design Website Templates 2018
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The history of typography-and by transitive also the history of the book-is closely linked to graphic design this may be because there are virtually no graphics designs that do not include such items graphics. Hence when talking about the history of graphic design typography also cited the Trajan column medieval miniatures Johannes Gutenbergs printing press the evolution of the book industry the posters Parisian Arts Movement and Crafts (Arts and Crafts) William Morris Bauhaus etc.. " The introduction of movable type by Johannes Gutenberg made books cheaper to produce and facilitate their dissemination. The first printed books (incunabula) scored the role model to the twentieth century. Graphic design of this era has become known as Old Style (especially the typefaces which these early typographers used) or Humanist due to the predominant philosophical school of the time.
Their work initially ranged from greetings cards business cards social stationary letterheads and envelopes then progressed to brochures and folders. The work was mainly limited to newspaper advertising which relied predominantly on the offset printing method. We shouldnt forget the air brush technology that provided designers with the use of graded colours achieving three dimensional effects for some designs although the number of people using this was limited. From 1980-87 design was performed by specialists in Plastic Arts and Architecture as well as the first graduates of the college of arts at Yarmuok University and similar institutions. By the end of the eighties the computer Linotype was used as a publishing tool by newspapers to prepare text for layout and paste it on the required pages next to advertising.
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Some publishing houses have graphic design offices which also acquired these systems to ensure the production of books and magazines to a similar quality. Linotype was also used to prepare the design of brochures and advertising materials that cannot be hand drawn. With time Linotype was also used for the preparation of other material by this method including greeting cards posters and advertisements. The design and printing sectors found the computer to be an effective way of improving productivity. In 1988 with the arrival of the first design computer by Apple Macintosh the numbers of workers in the field increased and performance progressed in the pre-printing stages such as film making and separation. However the expense of computers meant that there use was still limited.