Fed Balance Sheet
Now it s fine to do the math and plug the number to get started but as you go forward your retained earnings will develop a new relationship with the income statement (also commonly called the profit and loss statement). Basically the relationship is net income + any contributions to capital - any distributions of capital (dividends) = the change in retained earnings for the period. So retained earnings becomes the bridge between the balance sheet over two consecutive time periods (usually a year). For more information on calculating retained earnings see the link to my blog below. What the CPA or Auditor Does You ve done a fantastic job getting your balance sheet set up and keeping it going but at some point you re going to show it to someone a banker a supplier a potential business partner and they are going to take one look at the work that you have so proudly and lovingly put your heart into and they will say "what the Hell is this crap?" Don t take it personally (you need their money after all) just understand that there are standard ways to present present financial statements and set rules to follow.
In addition the basic formula for accounting is Assets = Liabilities + Equity and any US balance sheet will be organized into exactly three sections with at least two subtotals for assets and for liabilities and equity. Using the basic algebra that we learned in Ms. Arithmatic s 6th grade class we can shrewdly deduce that the two subtotals must be exactly equal. So far no problem because if your balance sheet doesn t balance then you have much bigger problems then simply worrying about understanding your financial records. How Assets Are Valued Great! you re thinking let s start with the assets! Well I love an enthusiastic learner and so I will oblige. To put it very briefly assets are the total of everything your business has that has some sort of value to the business.
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A car is almost always a depreciating asset. That means that as it ages it becomes worth less each year. Appreciating assets are more balance sheet friendly than depreciating assets. Assets that can have a lien put on there are the only ones that banks or other lending institutions will consider as valid as asset entries on a balance sheet. Things like furnishings and jewelry are not considered assets for use in getting a secured loan. Items such as the unused part of a line of credit or credit card limit are not assets on any form of balance sheet. Liabilities are what you owe. Any form of debt is a liability.
Long-term liabilities (non-current) found on the balance sheet include long-term bank loans and notes payable. The creditor s claims against the assets can be seen by examining the fundamental accounting equation stated above where the entity s assets equal the creditors claim which represents liabilities plus the owner s claim of the assets representing the company s equity. Equity: according to the fundamental accounting equation if we rearrange this to solve for equity one can conclude that Equity = Assets - Liabilities. Upon closer examination it can be clearly seen that equity represents the value of a business after liabilities have been reduced from the company s assets. Often equity is referred to as the residual interest of a company. Also it is important to note that the creditors claims to the assets are always settled first before the owner s claim can be realized.