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On the other hand long-term assets which can include land inventory and equipment are paid off and will benefit the company over an extended period of time. Accumulative depreciation is used on balance sheets to explain how the cost of long-term assets are "used up" during the process of running a business. The cost is spread over the life of the asset. For example say a piece of machinery cost $50 000 and the useful life of the machine is 20 years therefore in the first year the accumulative depreciation for the equipment is $2 500. Liabilities can simply be explained as the amounts owed to other organizations such as the transfer of assets or services that need to be provided. Liabilities are also made up of current and long-term.
In addition the basic formula for accounting is Assets = Liabilities + Equity and any US balance sheet will be organized into exactly three sections with at least two subtotals for assets and for liabilities and equity. Using the basic algebra that we learned in Ms. Arithmatic s 6th grade class we can shrewdly deduce that the two subtotals must be exactly equal. So far no problem because if your balance sheet doesn t balance then you have much bigger problems then simply worrying about understanding your financial records. How Assets Are Valued Great! you re thinking let s start with the assets! Well I love an enthusiastic learner and so I will oblige. To put it very briefly assets are the total of everything your business has that has some sort of value to the business.
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A third way is that you can sell off assets at a gradual pace to fund your budgetary needs as you age. A reverse mortgage is a good example of this. Assets and Liabilities You need to know what an asset is and what a liability is. You also need to know that there are different kinds of assets and different kinds of liabilities. An asset is an item of value that you own. It has a market value that is the amount that you can sell it for. The value is what the item would sell for if you had to sell it in the short term which may be days or months depending on the asset. When valuing your assets you must consider this and be honest about exactly how much your asset would sell for in the short term. The total value is written down as the asset on your balance sheet.