Fed Balance Sheet Reduction Graph With Fed Balance Sheet Normalization Explained Plus Fed Balance Sheet Reduction Chart Together With Fed Balance Sheet Fred As
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The purpose of the balance sheet. The balance sheet s purpose is to provide a detailed listing of the company s assets and liabilities. It is not unlike a personal credit report. If you think about your own financial net worth you probably have a number of assets such as a home a vehicle a stock portfolio cash in a savings account and so forth. You also likely have a list of liabilities or debts such as a mortgage a car loan electric or telephone bills that have not yet been paid etc. This concept is directly analogous to a company and the balance sheet lists out all of these. Like the income statement an investor needs to be aware of the potential accounting assumptions made for the balance sheet. Obviously some line items are unambiguous. For example the worth of cash in the bank is a pretty straightforward value. However the worth of a 5 year old computer or an undeveloped piece of land are less concrete.
The Balance Sheet is laid out in a particular fashion that reflects one of the most basic precepts of accounting: Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity or A=L+C Since we are dealing with an equation one side must ultimately and always equal the other side (think back to high school algebra!) Therefore the total dollar amount is always the same for each side i.e. total assets will always equal the total of liabilities + capital (or equity). Stated differently the left and right sides of a balance sheet are always in balance. Some balance sheets will have assets at the top and liabilities and capital at the bottom...no matter...A will always = L + C. Assets are the things your business owns that have some monetary value.
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A mortgage where you pay the principal down a little each month as the property is increasing in value is good debt. That is because you add to your net worth in two ways; first you pay off the debt and the second way is that the asset that secures the mortgage (your home) increases in value while you pay off the mortgage. Both deliver increased value to your net worth. Balance sheet goals There is only one goal that you need to focus on for your balance sheet. You need to own more than you owe. The normal pattern is that the older you get the larger your net worth becomes. There are two basic dynamics that contribute to this trend. One is the miracle of compound interest. The longer that assets are allowed to compound in savings and investment products the larger the annual contribution is to your personal net worth.