Apple Balance Sheet Read Apples Balance Sheet
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When financial statements are put together the balance sheet will most commonly be the first page in the review. Within the year end statement you will also need to have the cash flow income and note statements. Once all of this is prepared you can then begin completing the balance sheet. The category you will need to work with first when completing balance sheet accounting are the assets. First you will list the current assets which will include prepaid expenses inventory cash investments of short term and receivables due. Then you will need to list the investments which will be any investments that are contracted for longer than one year. The next subtitle will be fixed assets which include equipment and property. If you have any other assets that do not fit into the previous categories you can create a subtitle for all other assets. You will then need to total all of these figures and combine them into a total. Once you list your assets you will then to create a category called liabilities. Within your current liabilities you will need to list interest due within the year income taxes and accounts payable. After this you will need to display your long term liabilities. This will be anything you are paying out longer than one year and then again total it all up.
Applying the asset-liability formula a quick assessment is made of equity. If the equity balance is broken up in stockholders funds or capital less retained income a current profit is swiftly established before even looking at income or expense items! An income statement should then be preferably be build from "the bottom up". The profit or loss should then be adjusted (added) to expenses and a revenue figure will be determined. If any variances are identified at this juncture it is an income statement problem not the balance sheet. Balance sheet information is sacrosanct. Financial Statement Basics: The Balance Sheet The Canadian Balance Sheet shows the financial position of an entity which is why this statement is commonly referred to as The Statement of Financial Position." The first key point to note is that the balance sheet is prepared to show the company s position at a specified single point in time (Example as of December 31st 20xx) whereas other financial statements such as the Income Statement are reported to show the company s operational performance for a specified length of time such as "for the year ended December 31st 20xx." In this example the income statement is said to cover an entire year from January 1st - December 31st which is also known as a calendar year-end. Furthermore the balance sheet consists of three important elements to consider.
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The purpose of the balance sheet. The balance sheet s purpose is to provide a detailed listing of the company s assets and liabilities. It is not unlike a personal credit report. If you think about your own financial net worth you probably have a number of assets such as a home a vehicle a stock portfolio cash in a savings account and so forth. You also likely have a list of liabilities or debts such as a mortgage a car loan electric or telephone bills that have not yet been paid etc. This concept is directly analogous to a company and the balance sheet lists out all of these. Like the income statement an investor needs to be aware of the potential accounting assumptions made for the balance sheet. Obviously some line items are unambiguous. For example the worth of cash in the bank is a pretty straightforward value. However the worth of a 5 year old computer or an undeveloped piece of land are less concrete.