Apple Balance Sheet Form Templates Kohls Balance Sheet K Wondrous 10 2 Google 10 K 2016 Form Templates K 008473440 1 Wondrous 10 2 Apple 10 K 2016 20 F
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Purpose of a Balance Sheet The balance sheet boldly declares where a business stands at a given moment in time. From the balance sheet a financially sophisticated reader can learn an immense amount of valuable information about a business and its viability. That is why potential investors and lenders will almost always ask you for a copy of your financial statements including the balance sheet income statement statement of retained earnings and statement of cash flows. This is also why you as a savvy entrepreneur need to understand the information presented on them. Why It Is Important The principal reason your business s balance sheet is so important to you and to any potential investors or lenders is that it is like a photograph of your business.
It tells how the business is put together what its principal resources are and where any potential dangers lie. Like any portrait it is incomplete in that it only shows one fleeting moment in time and therefore is most useful in conjunction with the income statement and by comparing several balance sheets over a period of time. Ahh this is where the real story begins to unfold! The clever entrepreneur becomes the Sherlock Holmes of the balance sheet and astutely looks for trends over time and checks ratios and balances to see which direction the company is headed in and to look for any potential to cut costs or perform more efficiently.
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The line items falling into the "current" category are assets that the company expects to be converted into cash within the next 12 months or liabilities that are expected to be paid off over the next 12 months. "Long-term" assets and liabilities have a longer time horizon for being liquidated or covered respectively. A balance sheet is a financial statement that lists assets liabilities and equity. These items must show a net balance of zero for the balance sheet to be considered "balanced." This means that for every entry into an asset account there must be a corresponding entry into either a liability or an equity account. Since asset accounts increase by debits this means that either the liability or the equity accounts must be credited when new assets are purchased. Likewise when assets are sold or gotten rid of in some way there would be a credit in the assets account to reduce it. There would have to be a corresponding debit in the liability or equity accounts to balance this.