Balance Sheet Equation Accounting Equation Balance Sheet Equation Videos Pinterest Accounting Equation Balance Sheet Equation
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This usually presents less of a challenge than the valuation of assets because most long term assets like loans have explicit terms that spell out exactly how much you owe on them at any given moment in time. How Equity Is Valued Depending upon the type on entity (Corporation S-Corp LLC. etc.) that you use the equity portion of the balance sheet can use different terms but really there are two kinds of equity: capital that you put into the company (stock contributed capital etc.) and the earnings of the company (retained earnings). The capital that you contribute is usually pretty straightforward.
There may be an offsetting liability. For a house it would be the mortgage or any other debt secured against the home. For a car it would be a car loan. The difference between the value of the house or car and what is owed is the equity in that particular investment. This is like a net worth for that particular asset. There are appreciating assets and depreciating assets. A home is generally an appreciating asset over the long term. In recent times we have learned that in the short term a home can lose its value rather quickly. However most housing markets recover in the long term and a home should appreciate over time.
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The line items falling into the "current" category are assets that the company expects to be converted into cash within the next 12 months or liabilities that are expected to be paid off over the next 12 months. "Long-term" assets and liabilities have a longer time horizon for being liquidated or covered respectively. A balance sheet is a financial statement that lists assets liabilities and equity. These items must show a net balance of zero for the balance sheet to be considered "balanced." This means that for every entry into an asset account there must be a corresponding entry into either a liability or an equity account. Since asset accounts increase by debits this means that either the liability or the equity accounts must be credited when new assets are purchased. Likewise when assets are sold or gotten rid of in some way there would be a credit in the assets account to reduce it. There would have to be a corresponding debit in the liability or equity accounts to balance this.