Balance Sheet Equation 92 Financial Accounting Statements
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When it comes to money management for a company and figuring out what that net worth is what is owed to others and what is owned balance sheet accounting is necessary. With this type of paperwork a company can truly determine the balance of the account at any given date. They are mainly used when the fiscal year has ended. You can get a picture of every account and what it is as well as if it is a long term or short term account. Overall with a balance sheet all of the assets are added up and compare or balanced against the equity and liability of the company. To begin balance sheet accounting you will need to title the sheet. This will most commonly be the name of the company as well as the term balance sheet and the current date.
If you want the exact answer to just about every accounting question then it is there for you for free but in techno-accountant babble at asc.fasb.org. However most of you don t want to do all that work you want a quick and easy rule of thumb that works 90% of the time without you having to leave this article and that is exactly what you will get. The key here is conservatism we are much more worried about overvaluing an asset then we are at undervaluing. Therefore the rule of thumb is that assets are valued at the lessor of cost (what you paid for it) or fair market value (what you could get if you sold it right now).
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Non-current assets therefore contains all resources owned by the company that have a useful life of more than one year. These assets are often referred to as Capital Assets which include equipment buildings and land. Notice that all assets mentioned thus far whether current or non-current can be classified as Tangible Assets which contain physical substance. However the balance sheet also presents Intangible Assets which are reported as non-current capital assets as well since they have a useful life of more than one year but do not have any physical substance such as goodwill and patents. The sum of the current and non-current assets will equate to and be reported on the balance sheet as Total Assets of the company. Liabilities: represents the claims against the company s assets that have not been paid at the balance sheet date. Therefore they are obligations to the company s creditors.