Balance Sheet Equation The Accounting Equation Is The Guiding Formula For The Balance Sheet And Journal Entries In Any Bookkeeping System
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The Balance Sheet is laid out in a particular fashion that reflects one of the most basic precepts of accounting: Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity or A=L+C Since we are dealing with an equation one side must ultimately and always equal the other side (think back to high school algebra!) Therefore the total dollar amount is always the same for each side i.e. total assets will always equal the total of liabilities + capital (or equity). Stated differently the left and right sides of a balance sheet are always in balance. Some balance sheets will have assets at the top and liabilities and capital at the bottom...no matter...A will always = L + C. Assets are the things your business owns that have some monetary value.
When it comes to money management for a company and figuring out what that net worth is what is owed to others and what is owned balance sheet accounting is necessary. With this type of paperwork a company can truly determine the balance of the account at any given date. They are mainly used when the fiscal year has ended. You can get a picture of every account and what it is as well as if it is a long term or short term account. Overall with a balance sheet all of the assets are added up and compare or balanced against the equity and liability of the company. To begin balance sheet accounting you will need to title the sheet. This will most commonly be the name of the company as well as the term balance sheet and the current date.
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There are many forms of debt. There is secured debt. That means that the debt is secured by a lien against an asset that you own. The lien and the debt should be for less than the resale value of the asset. Unsecured debt does not have any such lien and is hopefully based on your capacity to service the debt. The problem with unsecured debt like credit cards is that it is not offset by some asset that you own and acts only to reduce the net worth on your balance sheet. Credit card debt would thus be categorized as bad debt as it only acts as a drag on building positive net worth.