Balance Sheet Equation Understanding Financial Statements The Accounting Equation The Balance Sheet
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It tells how the business is put together what its principal resources are and where any potential dangers lie. Like any portrait it is incomplete in that it only shows one fleeting moment in time and therefore is most useful in conjunction with the income statement and by comparing several balance sheets over a period of time. Ahh this is where the real story begins to unfold! The clever entrepreneur becomes the Sherlock Holmes of the balance sheet and astutely looks for trends over time and checks ratios and balances to see which direction the company is headed in and to look for any potential to cut costs or perform more efficiently.
A third way is that you can sell off assets at a gradual pace to fund your budgetary needs as you age. A reverse mortgage is a good example of this. Assets and Liabilities You need to know what an asset is and what a liability is. You also need to know that there are different kinds of assets and different kinds of liabilities. An asset is an item of value that you own. It has a market value that is the amount that you can sell it for. The value is what the item would sell for if you had to sell it in the short term which may be days or months depending on the asset. When valuing your assets you must consider this and be honest about exactly how much your asset would sell for in the short term. The total value is written down as the asset on your balance sheet.
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It is also important to know the value and structure of your assets and liabilities. Your net worth should be a positive number. The older you are the bigger the number should be. That is because you will need this net worth to finance your retirement when you can no longer work to provide income to your budget. The assets in your balance sheet fund your retirement in three ways. They keep costs down. The best example of this is home ownership. If you own your own home you will not have to pay a mortgage payment. That means you need 30% less to live on each month. The second way that assets fund your retirement is that you invest them in income producing assets such as Certificates of Deposit Bonds or dividend producing stocks.