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Some classifications are widely used graphic design: advertising design editorial design corporate identity design web design packaging design typographic design signage design multimedia design among others. Graphic Design History The definition of the graphic design profession is rather recent in what concerns their preparation their activities and goals. Although there is no consensus on the exact date of the birth of graphic design some dating during the interwar period. Others understand that begins to identify as such to the late nineteenth century. Arguably specific graphic communications purposes have their origin in Paleolithic cave paintings and the birth of written language in the third millennium BC. C. But the differences in working methods and training required auxiliary sciences are such that it is not possible to clearly identify the current graphic designer with prehistoric man with xylograph fifteenth century or the lithographer 1890.
Founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius is considered the birthplace of the graphic design profession. Given Poster for Matinée. Made by Theo van Doesburg in January 1923. The free font organization expresses the spirit of the Dada movement irrationality for freedom and oppose the status quo and visual expressions of the time. Corporate identity design for Lufthansa by the Development Group 5 of the HFG Ulm. Ulm School was an inflection point in the history of design since there is outlined the design profession through scientific methodology. Current pictograms design for the National Park Service of the United States. The idea to simplify the symbols forms developed during the 1950s. The design of the early twentieth century as well as the fine arts of the same period was a reaction against the decadence of typography and design of the late nineteenth century.
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The history of typography-and by transitive also the history of the book-is closely linked to graphic design this may be because there are virtually no graphics designs that do not include such items graphics. Hence when talking about the history of graphic design typography also cited the Trajan column medieval miniatures Johannes Gutenbergs printing press the evolution of the book industry the posters Parisian Arts Movement and Crafts (Arts and Crafts) William Morris Bauhaus etc.. " The introduction of movable type by Johannes Gutenberg made books cheaper to produce and facilitate their dissemination. The first printed books (incunabula) scored the role model to the twentieth century. Graphic design of this era has become known as Old Style (especially the typefaces which these early typographers used) or Humanist due to the predominant philosophical school of the time.