Balance Sheet Template 38 Free Balance Sheet Templates Examples Template Lab
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So what is the purpose of a balance sheet? First business owners use balance sheets in order to analyze the strength and capabilities of their business. For example is the business ready to expand? Or should the business take immediate steps to strengthen cash reserves? Also balance sheets describe trends especially in the area of accounts receivables and payables. For instance is debt in payables being paid and is debt in receivables being received in a reasonable amount of time. Finally balance sheets are examined by banks investors and vendors to determine the amount of credit they will give the entity.
To many non-financial people the balance sheet does not make sense in any case so they gravitate to the only report that is an easy read namely the income statement. Assets and liabilities are just too complex to grasp. In the last ten years or so this has changed so much so that readers and users are advised to lend substantially more credence to the balance sheet than the income statement. This "discrimination" exacted on the income statement is so severe that some investors are encouraged to even ignore the income statement as a whole. Why is this so? It could be the fiddling with revenue figures by many now defunct corrupt corporations which reported highly profitable figures whilst these businesses were heavily indebted (liabilities) or technically insolvent. Moreover high revenues are no guarantee against bankruptcy. Historically an income statement was drawn up first and the balance sheet second. The balance sheet became the "rubbish bin" for all items that could not balance the books.
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IFRS now implemented the converse the balance sheet is drawn up first and the income statement now becomes the "rubbish bin"! The balance sheet first method has more to do with accurate reporting than anything else and is supported by many accounting experts. The accounting equation Assets-Liabilities=Equity is the true bottom line not "profits". Capital growth is what any investor should be interested in. Any new business in reality is constructed from its "balance sheet" first. Capital is invested loans are sourced inventory is acquired and a bank account is opened. Only after all of the aforementioned has been established do the business start to generate revenue and incur expenses. Balance sheet auditing Balance sheet items are reviewed meticulously and prepared first. Accountants will audit fixed assets current assets current liabilities loans and investments.