Balance Sheet Template Balance Sheet Example Australia Balance Sheet Analysis Example Pdf Balance Sheet Template Word Balance Sheet Example Uk Monthly Balance
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Purpose of a Balance Sheet The balance sheet boldly declares where a business stands at a given moment in time. From the balance sheet a financially sophisticated reader can learn an immense amount of valuable information about a business and its viability. That is why potential investors and lenders will almost always ask you for a copy of your financial statements including the balance sheet income statement statement of retained earnings and statement of cash flows. This is also why you as a savvy entrepreneur need to understand the information presented on them. Why It Is Important The principal reason your business s balance sheet is so important to you and to any potential investors or lenders is that it is like a photograph of your business.
Now there are additional considerations like depreciation for buildings machinery and equipment and the value of receivables and other moneys owed to you but that is the general rule. How Liabilities Are Valued The next step is to make a list of items that your business owes or obligations that it has. This could be money that you owe to your suppliers for products and services or money that you owe to your employees for services performed or money that you owe to the government for taxes or or money that you owe to the bank or another lender. It could even be money that the business owes to you as an owner. Remember what I said before about conservatism? Well this counts for liabilities as well only in this case the concern is that liabilities are undervalued or even worse unrecognized and unrecorded. The general rule of liabilities is that they are included at amortized cost which should be equal to the amount owed on them at that moment in time.
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The Balance Sheet is laid out in a particular fashion that reflects one of the most basic precepts of accounting: Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity or A=L+C Since we are dealing with an equation one side must ultimately and always equal the other side (think back to high school algebra!) Therefore the total dollar amount is always the same for each side i.e. total assets will always equal the total of liabilities + capital (or equity). Stated differently the left and right sides of a balance sheet are always in balance. Some balance sheets will have assets at the top and liabilities and capital at the bottom...no matter...A will always = L + C. Assets are the things your business owns that have some monetary value.