Graphic Design Programs
The history of typography-and by transitive also the history of the book-is closely linked to graphic design this may be because there are virtually no graphics designs that do not include such items graphics. Hence when talking about the history of graphic design typography also cited the Trajan column medieval miniatures Johannes Gutenbergs printing press the evolution of the book industry the posters Parisian Arts Movement and Crafts (Arts and Crafts) William Morris Bauhaus etc.. " The introduction of movable type by Johannes Gutenberg made books cheaper to produce and facilitate their dissemination. The first printed books (incunabula) scored the role model to the twentieth century. Graphic design of this era has become known as Old Style (especially the typefaces which these early typographers used) or Humanist due to the predominant philosophical school of the time.
Some publishing houses have graphic design offices which also acquired these systems to ensure the production of books and magazines to a similar quality. Linotype was also used to prepare the design of brochures and advertising materials that cannot be hand drawn. With time Linotype was also used for the preparation of other material by this method including greeting cards posters and advertisements. The design and printing sectors found the computer to be an effective way of improving productivity. In 1988 with the arrival of the first design computer by Apple Macintosh the numbers of workers in the field increased and performance progressed in the pre-printing stages such as film making and separation. However the expense of computers meant that there use was still limited.
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At that time developed a consensus that simple not only was the equivalent of good but was also more readable equivalent. One of the hardest hit areas was the design of symbols. The designers raised the question of how they could be simplified without destroying its informative function. However recent investigations have shown that the shape simplification only one symbol does not necessarily increase readability. Second Vanguards Reaction to the sobriety growing graphic design was slow but inexorable. The origins of postmodern fonts back to the humanist movement of the fifties. In this group highlights Hermann Zapf who designed two typefaces today ubiquitous Palatino (1948) and Best (1952). Blurring the line between serif fonts and sans serif and reintroducing organic lines in the lyrics these designs served more to ratify the modern movement to rebel against him. An important milestone was the publication of the Manifesto first things first (1964) which was a call for a more radical form of graphic design criticizing the idea of design in series worthless.
Jordanian specialists became serious competitors against other Arab countries which had previously monopolised the fields of design and printing. Jordan has developed so that it can meet the demand for design and printing within the country. Jordan has become a magnet for many publishing houses in the Arab region. Many production and publishing organisations were able to catch up to the levels of the latest technology. There is plenty of evidence to suggest that they will develop further using modern production tools and this will ensure there are enough local specialists who can continue to produce work of the highest quality. The pace of technological development made it necessary for the academic institutions to provide the Jordanian market with the skilled workers who can work to the high standards required.