Balance Sheet Sample
In addition the basic formula for accounting is Assets = Liabilities + Equity and any US balance sheet will be organized into exactly three sections with at least two subtotals for assets and for liabilities and equity. Using the basic algebra that we learned in Ms. Arithmatic s 6th grade class we can shrewdly deduce that the two subtotals must be exactly equal. So far no problem because if your balance sheet doesn t balance then you have much bigger problems then simply worrying about understanding your financial records. How Assets Are Valued Great! you re thinking let s start with the assets! Well I love an enthusiastic learner and so I will oblige. To put it very briefly assets are the total of everything your business has that has some sort of value to the business.
The line items falling into the "current" category are assets that the company expects to be converted into cash within the next 12 months or liabilities that are expected to be paid off over the next 12 months. "Long-term" assets and liabilities have a longer time horizon for being liquidated or covered respectively. A balance sheet is a financial statement that lists assets liabilities and equity. These items must show a net balance of zero for the balance sheet to be considered "balanced." This means that for every entry into an asset account there must be a corresponding entry into either a liability or an equity account. Since asset accounts increase by debits this means that either the liability or the equity accounts must be credited when new assets are purchased. Likewise when assets are sold or gotten rid of in some way there would be a credit in the assets account to reduce it. There would have to be a corresponding debit in the liability or equity accounts to balance this.
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If you contributed something other than cash such as real estate machinery or your interest in another business then use the rules for the valuation of assets the lessor of cost or fair market value. Retained earnings is a whole different ball game. Remember what I said back in the beginning about the formula for the balance sheet? That Assets = Liabilites + Equity? Well if you ve filled everything else out you only have retained earnings left and using a little bit of algebra and adding some detail to the preceding formula retained earnings absolutely must equal Assets - Liabilities - Contributed Capital.
It is also important to know the value and structure of your assets and liabilities. Your net worth should be a positive number. The older you are the bigger the number should be. That is because you will need this net worth to finance your retirement when you can no longer work to provide income to your budget. The assets in your balance sheet fund your retirement in three ways. They keep costs down. The best example of this is home ownership. If you own your own home you will not have to pay a mortgage payment. That means you need 30% less to live on each month. The second way that assets fund your retirement is that you invest them in income producing assets such as Certificates of Deposit Bonds or dividend producing stocks.