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The history of typography-and by transitive also the history of the book-is closely linked to graphic design this may be because there are virtually no graphics designs that do not include such items graphics. Hence when talking about the history of graphic design typography also cited the Trajan column medieval miniatures Johannes Gutenbergs printing press the evolution of the book industry the posters Parisian Arts Movement and Crafts (Arts and Crafts) William Morris Bauhaus etc.. " The introduction of movable type by Johannes Gutenberg made books cheaper to produce and facilitate their dissemination. The first printed books (incunabula) scored the role model to the twentieth century. Graphic design of this era has become known as Old Style (especially the typefaces which these early typographers used) or Humanist due to the predominant philosophical school of the time.
All these movements opposed to the decorative arts and popular as well as the Art Nouveau which under the influence of the new interest in geometry evolved into the Art Deco. All these movements were a revisionist and transgressive spirit in all arts of the time. This period also publications and manifestos proliferated through which artists and educators expressed their opinions. During the 1930s developed for the composition interesting aspects of graphic design. The graphic style change was significant because it shows a reaction against eclecticism ornamentalist organicism and the time and proposes a more stripped and geometric. This style connected with Constructivism Suprematism Neoplasticism De Stijl and Bauhaus exerted a lasting influence and inescapable in the development of twentieth century graphic design.
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He put the subject "Advertising" in the education program including among other things the analysis of advertising media and the psychology of advertising. Notably the first to define the term Graphic Design was the designer and typographer William Addison Dwiggins in 1922. Thus Tschichold Herbert Bayer László Moholy-Nagy and El Lissitzky became parents of graphic design as we know it today. They pioneered production techniques and styles that have been using later. Today computers have dramatically altered production systems but the approach that contributed to experimental design is more relevant than ever dynamism experimentation and even very specific things like choosing fonts (Helvetica is a revival originally a Typography design based on the nineteenth-century industrial) and orthogonal compositions.