Balance Sheet Liabilities A Company's Balance Sheet Shows The Value Of Assets Liabilities And Stockholders' Equity Balance Sheet Liabilities Should Be Recorded
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This includes amounts owed on loans accounts payable wages taxes and other debts. Similar to assets liabilities are categorized based on their due date or the timeframe within which you expect to pay them. Current liabilities are expected to be paid within a year; long-term liabilities in more than a year. Current liabilities are generally due within a year of the balance sheet date and are listed at the top of the right-hand column and then totaled followed by a list of long-term liabilities those obligations that will not become due for more than a year. Owners equity (sometimes called net assets or net worth or capital) represents the assets that remain after deducting what you owe. In simplified terms it is the money you would have left over if you sold your business and all of its assets and paid off everything you owe. Depending upon the structure of your business owners equity may be your own (sole proprietorship) collective ownership rights (partnership) or stockholder ownership plus the earnings retained by the company to grow the business (corporation). Total liabilities and owners equity are totaled at the bottom of the right side of the balance sheet.
It tells how the business is put together what its principal resources are and where any potential dangers lie. Like any portrait it is incomplete in that it only shows one fleeting moment in time and therefore is most useful in conjunction with the income statement and by comparing several balance sheets over a period of time. Ahh this is where the real story begins to unfold! The clever entrepreneur becomes the Sherlock Holmes of the balance sheet and astutely looks for trends over time and checks ratios and balances to see which direction the company is headed in and to look for any potential to cut costs or perform more efficiently.
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Your assets are tangible items such as cash inventory buildings land and equipment as well as investments prepaid expenses and money owed to you (accounts receivable notes receivable etc.) On a balance sheet assets are listed in groups based on their liquidity. Liquidity is a measure of how quickly these assets can be converted into cash sold or consumed. Current assets - assets that one can reasonably expect to be converted into cash within a year (e.g. accounts receivable) or can be converted into cash on demand (e.g. stocks) are listed first on the left-hand side and then totaled. Fixed assets follow next - fixed assets are expected to be around a while and persist - these include buildings vehicles and equipment. Finally total assets are added-up at the bottom of the assets section of the balance sheet. Liabilities reflect all the money your business owes out to others.