Balance Sheet Liabilities In Order Of Liquidity A Company's Balance Sheet Shows The Value Of Assets Liabilities And Stockholders' Equity The Balance Sheet
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It reports the balances of all assets liabilities and equity accounts for the company. It is critical to understand the fundamental accounting equation in the preparation and presentation of the balance sheet where Assets = Liabilities + Equity. Assets: contains all resources that the company owns at the balance sheet date. This includes both current and non-current assets that the company utilizes in order to generate future economic benefits. The most common current assets listed on the balance sheet includes cash accounts receivable and inventory which are resources that are anticipated by management to be converted into cash within a year or the entity s operating cycle whichever is longer. Accounts receivable is simply the amount of money owed to the company by its customers which is generated from the sale of goods and services on account.
It depicts the organizations assets liabilities and owners equity. The balance sheet equation is as followed ssets = Liabilities + Owners Equity. The two sides of the equation balance out hence why the statement is called the balance sheet. Assets are the economic benefits that will be acquired and controlled by an organization as a result of past transactions. Assets are tangible; they include cash accounts receivable inventory and equipment. Assets can be broken down into current and long term. Current assets such as cash and accounts receivable are assets that are or can be transformed into cash or benefit the company within one year.
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To many non-financial people the balance sheet does not make sense in any case so they gravitate to the only report that is an easy read namely the income statement. Assets and liabilities are just too complex to grasp. In the last ten years or so this has changed so much so that readers and users are advised to lend substantially more credence to the balance sheet than the income statement. This "discrimination" exacted on the income statement is so severe that some investors are encouraged to even ignore the income statement as a whole. Why is this so? It could be the fiddling with revenue figures by many now defunct corrupt corporations which reported highly profitable figures whilst these businesses were heavily indebted (liabilities) or technically insolvent. Moreover high revenues are no guarantee against bankruptcy. Historically an income statement was drawn up first and the balance sheet second. The balance sheet became the "rubbish bin" for all items that could not balance the books.