Balance Sheet Liabilities Personal Balance Sheet Format Main Image
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Now there are additional considerations like depreciation for buildings machinery and equipment and the value of receivables and other moneys owed to you but that is the general rule. How Liabilities Are Valued The next step is to make a list of items that your business owes or obligations that it has. This could be money that you owe to your suppliers for products and services or money that you owe to your employees for services performed or money that you owe to the government for taxes or or money that you owe to the bank or another lender. It could even be money that the business owes to you as an owner. Remember what I said before about conservatism? Well this counts for liabilities as well only in this case the concern is that liabilities are undervalued or even worse unrecognized and unrecorded. The general rule of liabilities is that they are included at amortized cost which should be equal to the amount owed on them at that moment in time.
On the other hand long-term assets which can include land inventory and equipment are paid off and will benefit the company over an extended period of time. Accumulative depreciation is used on balance sheets to explain how the cost of long-term assets are "used up" during the process of running a business. The cost is spread over the life of the asset. For example say a piece of machinery cost $50 000 and the useful life of the machine is 20 years therefore in the first year the accumulative depreciation for the equipment is $2 500. Liabilities can simply be explained as the amounts owed to other organizations such as the transfer of assets or services that need to be provided. Liabilities are also made up of current and long-term.
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A third way is that you can sell off assets at a gradual pace to fund your budgetary needs as you age. A reverse mortgage is a good example of this. Assets and Liabilities You need to know what an asset is and what a liability is. You also need to know that there are different kinds of assets and different kinds of liabilities. An asset is an item of value that you own. It has a market value that is the amount that you can sell it for. The value is what the item would sell for if you had to sell it in the short term which may be days or months depending on the asset. When valuing your assets you must consider this and be honest about exactly how much your asset would sell for in the short term. The total value is written down as the asset on your balance sheet.