Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Just like assets liabilities are subdivided into current and non-current. Accounts Payable is a frequent account that can be seen on the balance sheet and is essentially the direct opposite of the accounts receivable balance. While accounts receivable are amounts owed to the company from a customer sale on account accounts payable are amounts owed by the company to its creditors arising from purchases on account both of which are either expected to be collected or paid typically within 30 days. Non-current liabilities represent obligations that will not be settled for more than one year or the company s operating cycle whichever is longer.
They open them up turn to page one and there is your company laid bare open to them. And they ask you questions; "why is this line a negative number how did you arrive at the valuation of that line what are the terms of this liability." Don t you want to be able to confidently look them in the eye and answer those questions? What Makes Up a Balance Sheet Hopefully you have been exposed to some basic accounting and understand the concepts that some numbers in accounting are recorded as debits and some numbers as credits. These numbers are often represented as positive and negative numbers and the balance sheet as its name suggests must balance i.e. the negative and the positive numbers must total zero.
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Current liabilities are those that will be paid within one year these include accounts payable notes payable current maturities of long-term debt and payroll taxes. Long-term debt is that which is paid off over an extended period of time. Owner s equity also called net assets is the right of ownership the owners of the organization have after subtracting liabilities. Some examples of owner s equity include common stock additional paid in capital and retained earnings. Common stock is issued as an investment in the business. For example in corporations stockholders are ultimately the owners they claim all assets after liabilities and preferred stock claims are satisfied. Additional paid in capital is defined as the leftover amount paid by the investor over the stated value of the shares sold. Finally the retained earnings are the net income that is not be distributed as dividends to owners or an organization.
They are the positive side of your Balance Sheet but the real picture of how much gold you have in your Fort Knox is your Net Worth. So just as important to your Balance sheet is your Liabilities. The total of your Liabilities is subtracted from the total of your Assets to give you your Net Worth. You fill out your Balance Sheet and total up your Assets and Liabilities. You subtract the total of your Liabilities from your Assets. That number your Net Worth will come out to either a negative amount an amount of or near to zero or it will be substantially positive. These are the only 3 scenarios possible. • If your net worth is a minus number you are not managing your financial resources properly. Your Balance sheet is your report card and you are failing. It is that simple.