Accounting Income Statement And Balance Sheet Exercises With Income Statement And Balance Sheet Example Question Plus Income Statement And Balance Sheet
Most Popular This Week
With balance sheet data you can evaluate important indicators concerning your business - such as your ability to meet financial obligations (current ratio days cash on hand) and how effectively you use credit to finance your operations (debt ratio debt to equity ratio). Although the balance sheet represents a given moment suspended in time it can be prepared to include information from the previous accounting period for comparative purposes. This will permit you to evaluate how your business is performing over time. Compare the current reporting period with previous ones using a percent change analysis. Do you have more assets? Have you accrued more debt? Invested in equipment and facilities? Are your pressing financial obligations (current liabilities) under control? Is the amount that payers owe you growing? Calculating financial ratios and trends can help you identify potential financial problems that may not be obvious.
Purpose of a Balance Sheet The balance sheet boldly declares where a business stands at a given moment in time. From the balance sheet a financially sophisticated reader can learn an immense amount of valuable information about a business and its viability. That is why potential investors and lenders will almost always ask you for a copy of your financial statements including the balance sheet income statement statement of retained earnings and statement of cash flows. This is also why you as a savvy entrepreneur need to understand the information presented on them. Why It Is Important The principal reason your business s balance sheet is so important to you and to any potential investors or lenders is that it is like a photograph of your business.
Most Popular This Week
The line items falling into the "current" category are assets that the company expects to be converted into cash within the next 12 months or liabilities that are expected to be paid off over the next 12 months. "Long-term" assets and liabilities have a longer time horizon for being liquidated or covered respectively. A balance sheet is a financial statement that lists assets liabilities and equity. These items must show a net balance of zero for the balance sheet to be considered "balanced." This means that for every entry into an asset account there must be a corresponding entry into either a liability or an equity account. Since asset accounts increase by debits this means that either the liability or the equity accounts must be credited when new assets are purchased. Likewise when assets are sold or gotten rid of in some way there would be a credit in the assets account to reduce it. There would have to be a corresponding debit in the liability or equity accounts to balance this.