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Between 1891 and 1896 the William Morris Kelmscott Press published some of the most significant graphic products Arts and Crafts Movement (Arts and Crafts) and established a lucrative business based on the design of books of great stylistic refinement and selling them to the upper classes as luxury items. Morris proved that a market existed for works of graphic design establishing the separation of design from production and the fine arts. The work of the Kelmscott Press is characterized by its recreation of historic styles especially medieval. First Vanguards Poster for the Moulin Rouge in Paris. Made by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec with color lithography in 1891. Thanks to Art Nouveau graphic design and visual clarity gained by the composition. Isotype of the Bauhaus.
He put the subject "Advertising" in the education program including among other things the analysis of advertising media and the psychology of advertising. Notably the first to define the term Graphic Design was the designer and typographer William Addison Dwiggins in 1922. Thus Tschichold Herbert Bayer László Moholy-Nagy and El Lissitzky became parents of graphic design as we know it today. They pioneered production techniques and styles that have been using later. Today computers have dramatically altered production systems but the approach that contributed to experimental design is more relevant than ever dynamism experimentation and even very specific things like choosing fonts (Helvetica is a revival originally a Typography design based on the nineteenth-century industrial) and orthogonal compositions.
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The history of typography-and by transitive also the history of the book-is closely linked to graphic design this may be because there are virtually no graphics designs that do not include such items graphics. Hence when talking about the history of graphic design typography also cited the Trajan column medieval miniatures Johannes Gutenbergs printing press the evolution of the book industry the posters Parisian Arts Movement and Crafts (Arts and Crafts) William Morris Bauhaus etc.. " The introduction of movable type by Johannes Gutenberg made books cheaper to produce and facilitate their dissemination. The first printed books (incunabula) scored the role model to the twentieth century. Graphic design of this era has become known as Old Style (especially the typefaces which these early typographers used) or Humanist due to the predominant philosophical school of the time.
Graphic design is a profession whose business is the act of designing programming and create visual communications generally produced by industrial means and intended to convey specific messages to specific social groups with a clear purpose. This is the activity that enables graphically communicate ideas facts and values processed and synthesized in terms of form and communication social cultural economic aesthetic and technological. Also known as visual communication design because some associate the word figure only to the printing industry and understand that visual messages are channeled through many media not just print. Given the massive and rapid growth in the exchange of information the demand for graphic designers is greater than ever particularly because of the development of new technologies and the need to pay attention to the human factors that are beyond the competence of engineers who develop them.