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Their work initially ranged from greetings cards business cards social stationary letterheads and envelopes then progressed to brochures and folders. The work was mainly limited to newspaper advertising which relied predominantly on the offset printing method. We shouldnt forget the air brush technology that provided designers with the use of graded colours achieving three dimensional effects for some designs although the number of people using this was limited. From 1980-87 design was performed by specialists in Plastic Arts and Architecture as well as the first graduates of the college of arts at Yarmuok University and similar institutions. By the end of the eighties the computer Linotype was used as a publishing tool by newspapers to prepare text for layout and paste it on the required pages next to advertising.
After Gutenberg no significant changes were seen until the late nineteenth century particularly in Britain there was an effort to create a clear division between the fine and applied arts. In the 19th Century First page of the book "The Nature of Gothic" by John Ruskin published by the Kelmscott Press. The Arts and Crafts intended to revive the medieval art inspiration in nature and manual labor. During the nineteenth century visual message design was entrusted alternately two professionals: the artist or the publisher. The first was formed as an artist and the second as a craftsman often both in the same schools of arts and crafts. For the printer as art was the use of ornaments and selecting fonts printed in his compositions. The artist saw typography as a child and paying more attention to ornamental and illustrative elements.
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Another important element in relation to professional practice was the increasing use of visual form as communication element. This item appeared mostly in the designs produced by the Dada and De Stijl. The symbol of modern typography is the sans serif font or serif inspired by industrial types of the late nineteenth century. Highlights include Edward Johnston author of the font for the London Underground and Eric Gill. Design Schools Jan Tschichold embodied the principles of modern typography in his 1928 book New Typography. He later repudiated the philosophy presented in this book calling it fascist but remained very influential. Herbert Bayer who dirigó from 1925-1928 the typography and advertising workshop at the Bauhaus created the conditions for a new profession: the graphic designer.
A good starting point is to aim for laptops carrying at least a dual-core processor. This will allow you to run applications a lot better so you wont suffer from system halts or sloppy operation. If you opt for a laptop with a quad-core processor you should have no trouble running pretty much any graphic design program out there. Just remember - more cores means better laptop performance. Graphics or Video Card If you truly want the best laptop for graphic design you will most likely never choose one which comes with an integrated graphics card. This is because integrated GPUs (Graphics Processing Unit) uses the available RAM to output the image on the screen whereas a dedicated graphics card has its own RAM or VRAM. You can lose a lot of RAM if your laptop has an integrated GPU and system memory is very important in graphic design laptops.